Andalusia

Welcome to the page dedicated to Andalusia, the autonomous community with the largest number of inhabitants in Spain and the second largest in area, surpassing in size European countries such as Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Austria or Switzerland.

The Autonomous Community of Andalusia is made up of 8 provinces, which in alphabetical order are: AlmeríaCadizCordovaGrenadaHuelvaJaénMálaga y Sevilla. The capital is Seville. His holiday is Andalucia's day, which is celebrated on February 28.

Juanma Moreno is the president of the Junta de Andalucía since January 18, 2019, he is also president of the People's Party of Andalusia since March 2, 2014. Since 2022, the Popular Party of Andalusia governs with an absolute majority achieved in the regional elections.

Brief notes on the history of Andalusia

Located in southern Spain, it is a region with a rich history spanning thousands of years. The first settlements in Andalusia date from the Paleolithic and Bronze Age, with the culture of the Tartessians flourishing in the region around 1000 BC.

The history of Andalusia was largely defined by its strategic location in the Mediterranean. The Phoenicians arrived in 1100 BC, establishing important commercial centers in Cádiz and Málaga. The region later fell under Roman rule during the conquest of Hispania in the XNUMXrd century BC, and became a prosperous province of the Roman Empire, known as Baetica.

The fall of the Roman Empire led to the Visigothic occupation, but it was the arrival of Islam in AD 711 that profoundly transformed the region. For almost eight centuries, Andalusia was a center of Islamic culture in the Iberian Peninsula, known as Al-Andalus. This era is famous for its flourishing in science, philosophy and the arts, and for the construction of architectural gems such as the Alhambra in Granada and the Mosque of Córdoba.

In 1492, the Catholic Monarchs completed the Reconquest, incorporating Andalusia into the Kingdom of Castile. During the 1.500th and XNUMXth centuries, Andalusia played a crucial role in the Spanish colonial empire due to its port in Seville. The singular constructions of the Seville capital carried out in XNUMX are a reflection of the importance of the city in trade with the so-called New World. Thus we can find the Hospital de las Cincos Llagas, seat of the Andalusian Parliament and in its day the largest building in Europe together with the University of Seville, whose origin was the first tobacco company in the history of civilization.

In the 1975th century, with the transition to democracy in XNUMX, Andalusia acquired an autonomous status, establishing its own government and parliament. Today, Andalusia stands out for its rich cultural mix, its historical legacy, its vibrant contemporary life and its economic strength.